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The Ten Essentials

  1. Map
  2. Compass (optionally supplemented with a GPS receiver)
  3. Sunglasses and sunscreen
  4. Extra food
  5. Extra water
  6. Extra clothes
  7. Headlamp / flashlight
  8. First aid kit
  9. Fire starter (matches, chemical heat tabs, canned heat, or a magnesium stick)
  10. Knife


Additional desirable items

  1. Signaling devices - such as a whistle, cell phone, two-way radio, satellite phone, unbreakable signal mirror or flare
  2. Repair kit - including duct tape, bailing wire, spare binding screws and basic sewing materials
  3. Waterproof tarp (or two large plastic garbage bags) and rope - for expedient field shelter